Broome Tioga Boces

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Kopernik Observatory & Science Center


Grades 3-8
Students will explore wave motion and how it is used to understand sound and light. With sound, they will investigate the concept of frequency and amplitude and how these affect pitch and loudness. By experimenting they will learn how waves travel. Students will investigate how waves can be used to transmit information. They will distinguish between a “pure tone” (example a tuning fork) and composite tones (example the human voice). Students will “view” sound waves with an oscilloscope. Wave concepts learned in the study of sound will be extended to light. Students will explore the spectrum of light investigating both visible and invisible wavelengths (infra-red and UV). Concepts of the light spectrum will be used to understand how scientists can determine the composition and age of the sun or a star. Students will finally observe the properties of LASER light.

Learning Standards for Science:

4-PS3-2. Make observations to provide evidence that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents.
4-PS3-4. Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy
from one form to another.
4-PS4-1. Develop a model of waves to describe patterns in terms of amplitude and wavelength and that waves can cause objects to move.
4-PS4-3. Generate and compare multiple solutions that use patterns to transfer information.
MS-PS4-1. Use mathematical representations to describe a simple model for waves that includes how the amplitude of a wave is related to the energy in a wave.

Learning Standards for Engineering:

3-5-ETS1-1. Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.

Common Core Learning Standards: English Language Arts:
• Presentation of knowledge and ideas
• Vocabulary acquisition and use
Cost: $12.00 per student Chaperones are complimentary
Class Limit: Minimum class size = 16 students
Length of Program: 2 hours 
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Contact Information
For more information on Extended Classroom, please contact:

Kathy Harasta

Phone: (607) 766-3731

Nicole Waskie-Laura

Phone: (607 766-3730
Extended Classroom HOme
PD & Resources  
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